Health officials in Maryland said that a case of monkeypox was found in a Maryland resident who recently returned from Nigeria. This makes it the second case in the United States for this virus. They stated that there was little risk of the virus spreading.
According to the Maryland Department of Health, this person was in isolation with mild symptoms. However, he was not admitted to a hospital. The traveler’s identity was not revealed by the agency.
This is the second known case of monkeypox that has been confirmed in the United States in the past few weeks. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the first case of monkeypox was found in July in a Texas resident who had returned from Nigeria.
The C.D.C. released a statement Wednesday. The C.D.C. stated that it was working with an unknown airline and with health officials in reaching any Maryland traveler. The agency stated that passengers who were required to wear masks to prevent spreading the coronavirus virus to others had a low risk of contracting the virus via respiratory droplets.
“No special precautions are recommended at this time for the general public,” the Maryland health authorities said in the statement, adding that they had identified and are following up with people who may have been in contact with the traveler.
Monkeypox — so named because it was first identified in laboratory monkeys — occurs mostly in Central and Western Africa, although it caused an outbreak in the United States in 2003 after it spread from imported African rodents to pet prairie dogs, the C.D.C. said.
In six states, the C.D.C. confirmed and suspected cases of monkeypox. said. Infected individuals reported symptoms such as fever and headaches, muscle aches, and rash. There were no deaths.
According to the C.D.C., monkeypox is a virus that belongs to the same family as smallpox but causes milder symptoms. The symptoms include flu-like symptoms and swelling in the lymph nodes. It then progresses to a severe rash on the body and face. Most infections last for two to four weeks.
Laboratory testing at the C.D.C. was performed in this instance. The patient was infected by a strain most common in West Africa, including Nigeria. According to the C.D.C., infections with this strain can cause death in approximately 1 in 100 people. Although rates are higher in people with weak immune systems, they are still fatal.
The C.D.C. said it had been supporting Nigeria’s response to monkeypox since 2017, when the disease re-emerged in that country after a period of more than 40 years with no reported cases. Since then, 218 cases have already been identified in Nigeria. Eight have been reported by international travellers from Nigeria, including the ones in Texas, Maryland, and Texas.
According to the C.D.C. there are no proven treatments for monkeypox. However, one vaccine has been approved in the United States to treat smallpox and monkeypox.
Monkeypox can be found in rodents, mice, and rats. However, it can also infect people who are bitten by or scratched, prepare wild game, or come in contact, or possibly with, infected products or animals. said.
The virus can spread between individuals through bodily fluids or sores. However, the virus is usually transmitted via large respiratory droplets that travel only a few feet. The C.D.C. states that the virus can spread only if there is prolonged contact between people. said.
Source: NY Times