According to government data, the number of migrants taken into custody by the United States at the border with Mexico fell for the third consecutive month in October. This follows a spike in this summer.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) recorded over 164,000 migrant apprehensions in October — a 23% percent drop from July, when.
About 57% of migrants that U.S. border agents encountered in October were expelled to Mexico and their homelands under a Trump-era policy known as “Expulsions from Mexico”.That the Biden administration has retained.
Trump’s March 2020 administration invoked the public health law to allow U.S. border agents to expel migrants from the country without giving them an opportunity to see an immigration judge. U.S. officials have expelled migrants more than 93,000.
Since many migrants attempt to enter the U.S. multiple times and are processed multiple time, the total expulsions number does not match the number of individual migrants taken into detention. CBP reported that nearly 30% of the migrants who were encountered in October were previously processed by U.S. authorities within the last 12 months.
Around 70,000 migrants were detained at the U.S. border in October. They were processed under immigration laws, and allowed to seek asylum. However, it is not clear how many requested protection.
The steady decline in border apprehensions in the last three months is largely due a marked decrease in the number unaccompanied children and their families entering U.S custody.
U.S. agents stopped families traveling as children over 42,000 times in Oct, a 48% decline from July. The number of unaccompanied children processed by the U.S. fell below 13,000 — a 32% drop from the monthly record set in July.
Contrary to the Trump administration’s use of Title 42 to expel unaccompanied minors, the Biden administration is not using Title 42. Instead, it is transferring them to government-overseen refuges, as required under a 2008 anti-trafficking statute.
Although some families with children were expelled by the U.S. in October, many were placed in regular deportation procedures and allowed to seek U.S. refugee status.
The number of migrant adult travelers without children has declined slightly but remains high because of the high rate at which border-crossers attempt to cross again.
According to CBP data: Title 42 expulsions accounted for 73% of the 108,000 arrests in October of single adult migrants.
Troy Miller, interim head of CBP, highlighted the drop in border apprehensions and said that the Biden administration is focusing on disrupting the work smugglers who facilitate many migrants’ journeys after charging them substantial sums of money.
Miller stated that CBP’s workforce is continuing to work with partners throughout the federal government and across the hemisphere in order to disrupt the smugglers intent to exploit vulnerable migrants for profit.
Cris Ramón, an independent immigration policy analyst, said increased enforcement efforts by Mexican migration officials could be partly responsible for the steady decrease in the number of migrants reaching the southern U.S. border. He noted that Mexico has seen an increase of migrant apprehensions over the past months, while the number crossings along the U.S. frontier have decreased.
“Mexico is definitely playing an even more pronounced role in controlling migration into its territory and up to the U.S.-Mexico border,” Ramón said.
The border apprehensions of October were 65% dominated by migrants from Mexico and Guatemala. The majority of remaining migrants hail from Venezuela, El Salvador and Nicaragua, Brazil, Cuba, and Nicaragua.
October saw a drop in the number of Haitians as well as Ecuadorians being apprehended. CBP reported apprehending migrants from Ecuador 744 times — an 89% decrease from September.
After recording over 17,600 encounters of Haitians in September, U.S. border officials took 902 Haitian migrants into custody in October — a 94% drop.
International headlines covered the sharp decline that occurred after thousands of Haitians arrived in squalid Del Rio, Texas camp. In just a few short weeks, the United States launched an unprecedented deportation campaign to the destitute Caribbean nation. They expelled 8,500 Haitians.
The Title 42 coronavirus era edict was used to deport the mass deportations. Advocates for asylum-seekers denounced it as draconian, illegal, and inhumane.
It had originally planned to reduce the mass expulsions during the summer. However, the Biden administration now believes that the policy is necessary to prevent the spread of the coronavirus in migrant holding facilities.
Source: CBS News